After the briefing, Lt. Robertson reports to the base near the expected target where he berates his subordinates for their habit of using the monitoring equipment to spy on teenagers making out in the woods. One of the teens sees an object land nearby and tells his friends at a local bar, including Stan Kenyon. Stan and his girlfriend Susan Rogers accidentally hit one of the multi-eyed, lumpy greyish-white aliens from the ship with his car, so they drive off to call the police. Out in the woods, they are forced to use the phone of a grumpy local codger who resents the "smoochers" who use his property as a lovers' lane threatening them with a shotgun.
Meanwhile, one of two drunken drifters new in town comes across the dead creature and decides to put it on exhibition as part of his latest get-rich-quick scheme ; when he returns to the site after excitedly rushing home to tell his buddy Mike, other aliens arrive, scaring him and causing a deadly heart attack. When the police investigate, they assume that Stan has run over the drifter and arrest the young man, refusing to believe his crazy story.
Having overheard the bar conversation about the UFO, Lt. Robertson reports to his commander, who reluctantly authorizes a cordon around the saucer. They accidentally blow up the spaceship and congratulate themselves for their effective defense, not realizing that the creatures were not in their craft and are still roaming the woods.
Escaping from the police and Susan meet up with the dead drifter's friend Mike and the three of them attempt to prove the alien danger to the community. Mike is cornered and attacked by the angry creatures, but Stan and Susan manage to flee and accidentally discover the monsters explode when exposed to bright light. After the autopsy shows that the victim earlier died from an alcohol-induced heart attack and that Stan had not killed him, the police want nothing more to do with him and refuse to help; the teenagers gather their friends together and drive out to the clearing where they left Mike.
Surrounding the aliens with their cars, the teens use their headlights to evaporate the remaining creatures. Mike survives his attack, Stan and Susan resume their interrupted plans to elope. They hired the director to make a series of low-budget color remakes of old AIP films, of which this was the first. Ashley was imported from Hollywood. Ashley has stated.
Most of the film was shot just outside Dallas at Cielo, a ranch owned by wealthy businessman Gordon McLendon. Ashley was the only professional actor, with the rest of the cast coming from Dallas theater. Ashley claimed that the film ranks "with some of the worst all-time horror films made Filming took two weeks. In keeping with a frequent practice of B-movie re-release retitling, the phrase "Attack of the" was superimposed on top of the original title, which included "the", producing the redundant title Attack of the The Eye Creatures.
Film-mocking television series Mystery Science Theater featured the oddly-titled print of the film in a season 4 episode. Years the snippet surfaced on YouTube as "The first Rickroll ". In the Mystery Science Theater episode featuring this film, Joel Robinson sarcastically suggested that "some eye creatures are born with tight acrylic wool-blend turtleneck sweaters from Chess King ". Crow T. Robot mocked, "If you're in a fight with an eye creature, keep in mind that his head is draped casually over his shoulders and should be no trouble to knock off".
Crow pointed out a shot featuring a common monster-film goof: "The eye creatures were unfortunate enough to have evolved with heavy-duty zippers running up their backs". Their riffing produced the fan-favorite phrase "They just didn't care", applied to other features viewed on the show. Created in , the statue has been displayed in a variety of locations in the United States , as well as in Australia ; the foot-tall 34,pound sculpture, manufactured of painted stainless steel and aluminium , is a super-sized tribute to Marilyn Monroe's iconic scene from Billy Wilder's infidelity comedy, The Seven-Year Itch, with the figure capturing the instant a blast of air from a NYC subway grate raises her white dress.
Due to its popularity, the statue remained on display at the GFS until September , after the official end of the retrospective. In , the statue was displayed at Latham Park in Stamford, Connecticut as part of a large public art exhibition honoring the works of Seward Johnson. Thirty-six sculptures were placed throughout streets and parks in Downtown Stamford , with Forever Marilyn being the highlight of the exhibit; the statue sparked international controversy when it was placed in Stamford with complaints arising due to her appearing to flash her underwear at the First Congressional Church.
In August and September the statue was vandalized three times, most being splashed with red paint. In the unsubstantiated opinion of the executive director of the Chicago Public Arts Group, this was because the statue is "laden with political meaning, provocative meaning and sexual meaning". The public, was enthusiastic to view the statue: "Forever Marilyn journeyed back to Hamilton in April , arriving at the Grounds for Sculpture on a truck as two dozen people cheered and took pictures.
During the cross-country journey, people snapped photos of the sculpture in parking lots and along highways and posted them on social media. The Work of Seward Johnson. Buchthal and Bernard Comment ; the production firms that produced the film included the Diamond Girl production company, Sol's Luncheonette Production and the French-based StudioCanal production company, whose parent company owns the third-largest film library in the world. The film was slated to be named Fragments, but was changed to Love, Marilyn.
The film features dramatic readings of Marilyn Monroe's writings by actors, film critics and authors.
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The EW staff wrote, "The iconic star takes center stage in a revelatory HBO documentary that combines old footage and a slew of interviews with such actors as Viola Davis and Glenn Close. The new HBO documentary, which premieres Monday at 9 p. Garbus adeptly patches together fragments of a life narrated, by Monroe herself, she inventively pieces together an impressionistic and moving version of the story that so many of us know already. But for all the books and movies and tributes and myth-making, the iconic blonde has never had much of a chance to speak for herself Garbus lured that lift the film.
As Garbus said,'Marilyn speaks to every woman's inner self — love, the desire for perfection, satisfaction in her work. And the fears that she cannot'have it all. Her face has been so replaced in popular culture by commercialized replications that the real thing is a surprising thrill to behold; the film reinforces the seductive power of theater. Having performers read Monroe's journal entries renders these quite mundane sentences powerful and revelatory.
Through these women, Monroe becomes the serious actor she longed to be. It's all entertaining, will doubtless fascinate the subject's many die-hard fans. Monroe had suffered from mental illness and substance abuse for several years prior to her death, she had not completed a film since The Misfits , released in , she had spent preoccupied with her various health problems, in April had begun filming Something's Got to Give for 20th Century Fox, but the studio fired her in early June.
The studio publicly blamed her for the production's problems, in the weeks preceding her death, Monroe attempted to repair her public image by giving several interviews to high-profile publications, she began negotiations with Fox on being re-hired for Something's Got to Give and for starring roles in other productions. Monroe spent the last day of her life, August 4, at her home in Brentwood.
She was accompanied at various times by publicist Patricia Newcomb, housekeeper Eunice Murray , photographer Lawrence Schiller and psychiatrist Ralph Greenson. At Greenson's request, Murray stayed overnight to keep Monroe company. Murray alerted Greenson, who broke into the room, finding Monroe dead, her death was ruled a probable suicide by the Los Angeles County coroner's office , based on precedents of her overdosing and being prone to mood swings and suicidal ideation. No evidence of foul play was found, accidental overdose was ruled out due to the large amount of barbiturates she had ingested, her funeral was held on August 8 at the Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery , where she was interred at the Corridor of Memories.
Despite the coroner's findings, several conspiracy theories suggesting murder or accidental overdose have been proposed since the mids. Many of these involve President John F. Due to the prevalence of these theories in the media, the office of the Los Angeles County District Attorney reviewed the case in , but found no evidence to support them and did not disagree with the findings of the original investigation.
For several years heading into the early s, Monroe had been dependent on amphetamines and alcohol , she experienced various mental health problems that included depression, low self-esteem , chronic insomnia , she had acquired a reputation for being difficult to work with, she delayed productions by being late to film sets in addition to having trouble remembering her lines. By , this behavior was adversely affecting her career. For example, although she was author Truman Capote's preferred choice to play Holly Golightly in the film adaptation of Breakfast at Tiffany's , Paramount Pictures declined to cast her due to fear that she would complicate the film's production.
The two films Monroe completed in the s, Let's Make Love and The Misfits, were both critical and commercial failures. During the filming of the latter she had had to spend a week detoxing in a hospital, her third marriage, to author Arthur Miller ended in divorce in January Instead of working, Monroe spent a large part of preoccupied with health problems and did not work on any new film projects, she underwent surgery for her endometriosis and a cholecystectomy , spent four weeks in hospital care — including a brief stint in a mental ward — for depression.
In , she moved back to Los Angeles after six years in Manhattan. Days before filming began, Monroe caught sinusitis. Monroe was too ill to work for the majority of the next six weeks, but despite confirmations by multiple doctors, the studio tried to pressure her by publicly alleging that she was faking it. Kennedy's birthday celebration at Madison Square Garden in New York ten days before his actual birthday.
Monroe and Kennedy had mutual friends and although they sometimes had casual sexual encounters, there is no evidence that their relationship was serious. She was replaced by Lee Remick , but after co-star Dean Martin refused to make the film with anyone other than Monroe, Fox sued him as well and shut down the production; the studio publicly blamed Monroe's drug addiction and alleged lack of professionalism for the demise of the film claiming that she was mentally disturbed.
In , she caught the eye of photographer Tom Kelley , who convinced her to pose nude. Monroe was laid out on a large fabric of red silk and posed for countless shots. This was the only time that Monroe was paid for her nude posing. After signing on with Johnny Hyde, Monroe had brief roles in three films, A Ticket to Tomahawk , Right Cross , and The Fireball , all of which were released in and brought no attention to her career.
Hyde soon thereafter arranged for her to audition for John Huston , who cast her in the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer drama The Asphalt Jungle as the young mistress of an aging criminal. Her performance brought strong reviews, [ 36 ] and was seen by the writer and director, Joseph Mankiewicz. Mankiewicz later commented that he had seen an innocence in her that he found appealing, and that this had confirmed his belief in her suitability for the role.
In , Monroe enrolled at University of California, Los Angeles , where she studied literature and art appreciation. In March , Monroe faced a possible scandal when two of her nude photos from her session with photographer Tom Kelley were featured on calendars. The press speculated about the identity of the anonymous model and commented that she closely resembled Monroe. As the studio discussed how to deal with the problem, Monroe suggested that she should simply admit that she had posed for the photographs but emphasize that she had done so only because she had no money to pay her rent.
Many of the images from that sitting have been reproduced in numerous subsequent publications and by Life magazine. I should—for I was a child nobody wanted. A lonely girl with a dream—who awakened to find that dream come true. I am Marilyn Monroe. Read my Cinderella story.
A photograph of DiMaggio visiting Monroe at the 20th Century Fox studio was printed in newspapers throughout the United States, and reports of a developing romance between them generated further interest in Monroe. Four films in which Monroe featured were released beginning in Its reviewer commented that Monroe was featured to full advantage in a bathing suit, and that some of her scenes suggested a degree of exploitation. The downbeat melodrama was poorly reviewed, although Monroe commented that it contained some of her strongest dramatic acting.
As Rose in Niagara Darryl F. Her role as Lorelei Lee, a gold-digging showgirl, required her to act, sing, and dance. Realizing that Monroe remained in her dressing room due to stage fright, and that Hawks was growing impatient with her tardiness, Russell started escorting her to the set. Monroe received positive reviews and the film grossed more than double its production costs. Gentlemen Prefer Blondes also marked one of the earliest films in which William Travilla dressed Monroe.
Zanuck who refused to screen test her. Eventually Monroe refused to speak to Preminger, and Mitchum had to mediate. When she failed to appear for work, 20th Century Fox suspended her. They traveled to Japan soon after, combining a honeymoon with a business trip previously arranged by DiMaggio. She later commented that the experience had helped her overcome a fear of performing in front of large crowds. The film failed to recover its production costs [ 79 ] and was poorly received.
She had made it reluctantly, on the assurance that she would be given the starring role in the film adaptation of the Broadway hit The Seven Year Itch. In it, she stands with her co-star, Tom Ewell , while the air from a subway grating blows her skirt up. A large crowd watched as director Billy Wilder ordered the scene to be refilmed many times. Joe DiMaggio was reported to have been present and infuriated by the spectacle. In addition to being able to work for other studios, Monroe had the right to reject any script, director or cinematographer she did not approve of.
Monroe in The Prince and the Showgirl Milton Greene had first met Monroe in when he was assigned to photograph her for Look magazine. While many photographers tried to emphasize her sexy image, Greene presented her in more modest poses, and she was pleased with his work. He gave up his job in , mortgaged his home to finance Monroe, and allowed her to live with his family as they determined the future course of her career. On April 8, , veteran journalist Edward R. The kinescope of the telecast has been released on home video.
Truman Capote introduced Monroe to Constance Collier , who gave her acting lessons. After only a few weeks of lessons, Collier died. In March , Monroe met with Cheryl Crawford , one of the founders of the Actors Studio, and convinced her to introduce her to Lee Strasberg, who interviewed her the following day and agreed to accept her as a student.
In May , Monroe started dating playwright Arthur Miller ; they had met in Hollywood in and when Miller discovered she was in New York, he arranged for a mutual friend to reintroduce them. He later hosted a birthday party for her, but the evening ended with a public quarrel, and Monroe left the party without him. A lengthy period of estrangement followed. She was befriended by the actors Kevin McCarthy and Eli Wallach who each recalled her as studious and sincere in her approach to her studies, and noted that she tried to avoid attention by sitting quietly in the back of the class. Number one is Marlon Brando , and the second is Marilyn Monroe.
The first film to be made under the contract and production company was Bus Stop directed by Joshua Logan. Logan had studied under Constantin Stanislavski , approved of method acting , and was supportive of Monroe. Her costumes, make-up and hair reflected a character who lacked sophistication, and Monroe provided deliberately mediocre singing and dancing.
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Marilyn Monroe has finally proved herself an actress. It was more than a year before Monroe began her next film. During her hiatus, she summered with Miller in Amagansett, New York. However her behavior was now more hostile, and was marked by refusals to participate in filming and occasional outbursts of profanity. She suffered another miscarriage in December , as filming was completed. Some Like it Hot became a resounding success, and was nominated for six Academy Awards. Wilder commented that the film was the biggest success he had ever been associated with.
By this time, Monroe had only completed one film, Bus Stop , under her four-picture contract with 20th Century Fox. Monroe began to leave the film set early and on several occasions failed to attend, but her attitude improved after Montand confronted her.
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Signoret returned to Europe to make a film, and Monroe and Montand began a brief affair that ended when Montand refused to leave Signoret. Ralph Greenson. He later recalled that during this time she frequently complained of insomnia , and told Greenson that she visited several medical doctors to obtain what Greenson considered an excessive variety of drugs. He concluded that she was progressing to the point of addiction, but also noted that she could give up the drugs for extended periods without suffering any withdrawal symptoms.
Monroe in her final completed film, The Misfits In , Arthur Miller had briefly resided in Nevada and wrote a short story about some of the local people he had become acquainted with, a divorced woman and some aging cowboys. By he had developed the short story into a screenplay, and envisaged it as containing a suitable role for Monroe.
Shooting commenced in July , with most taking place in the hot Northern Nevada desert. Greenson, she had resumed her consumption of sleeping pills and alcohol. Newspapers reported that she had been near death, although the nature of her illness was not disclosed. Gable, commenting that he felt unwell, left the set without attending the wrap party. Within ten days Monroe had announced her separation from Miller, and Gable had died from a heart attack. Directors Guild of America nominated Huston as best director. The film is now regarded as a classic.
It was all the truth. It was only Marilyn. She remained there for three weeks. Illness prevented her from working for the remainder of the year; she underwent surgery to correct a blockage in her Fallopian tubes in May, and the following month underwent gallbladder surgery. She was ill with a virus as filming commenced, and suffered from high temperatures and recurrent sinusitis.
On one occasion she refused to perform with Martin as he had a cold, and the producer Henry Weinstein recalled seeing her on several occasions being physically ill as she prepared to film her scenes, and attributed it to her dread of performing. We all experience anxiety, unhappiness, heartbreaks, but that was sheer primal terror.
On May 19, , she attended the early birthday celebration of President John F. Having only reported for work on twelve occasions out of a total of 35 days of production, [ ] Monroe was dismissed. You have to start all over again. I now live in my work and in a few relationships with the few people I can really count on.
A film version of the Broadway musical, A Tree Grows in Brooklyn , and an unnamed World War I-themed musical co-starring Gene Kelly were also discussed, but the projects never materialized due to her death. Also on the table was an Italian four-film deal worth 10 million giving her script, director, and co-star approval. It was reported that President Kennedy was the last person Monroe called.
Monroe was interred on August 8, , in a crypt at Corridor of Memories No. Lee Strasberg , her acting teacher, delivered the eulogy, and had once claimed that of all his acting students, she was the one who stood out above the rest, second only to Marlon Brando. As part of her eulogy, he stated:. In her eyes, and in mine, her career was just beginning…. She had a luminous quality. A combination of wistfulness, radiance, and yearning that set her apart and made everyone wish to be part of it — to share in the childish naivete which was at once so shy and yet so vibrant.
Police were also present to keep the press away. In August , the crypt space directly above that of Monroe was placed for auction [ ] on eBay. Elsie Poncher plans to exhume her husband and move him to an adjacent plot. Subsequently, Strasberg sued the children of four photographers to determine rights of publicity , which permits the licensing of images of deceased personages for commercial purposes.
The decision as to whether Monroe was a resident of California, where she died and where her will was probated, [ ] or New York, which she considered her primary residence, was worth millions. In October , the documents were published as a book, Fragments. Monroe had three marriages, all of which ended in divorce.
She is alleged to have had affairs with both John and Robert Kennedy. Marlon Brando , in his autobiography Songs My Mother Taught Me , claimed that he had had a relationship with her, and that they remained friends until her death. She also suffered two miscarriages and an ectopic pregnancy during her three marriages.
Author Anthony Summers, in his biography of J. Edgar Hoover , concluded that Monroe was in love with President Kennedy and wanted to marry him. Hurt, likely a little angry too, she was ready for a new scene. Dunne was equally itchy to blow town. Plus, he had a brother in the industry, Dominick —Nick. Was carrying on like it was show business as usual. Nick, young though he was, was Old Hollywood. He and wife Lenny threw lavish, stylish parties, and lots of them.
That the ball—a ball! Also present, Truman Capote, who, in a gesture either of rip-off or homage, would stage his own black-and-white ball in New York. In later years, Didion and Dunne would play a double game with Hollywood: they were participants who were also onlookers; supported by the industry but not owned by it; in the thick of it and above the fray. They seemed much less ambivalent in their early years. In their early years, they wanted in.
A line invoked by both so often you know they must have believed it gospel is from F.
So Didion and Dunne wanted in and got in, but they wanted in deeper. And doing it for the money seems to be how a writer stays respectable, at least in the eyes of fellow writers. And I totally respect that. I never did that at Time. They could do four in a night—come, see what had to be seen, go. I think he found her clammy. Misery and Mr. Their hands would remain idle for seven years, not counting an episode of Kraft Suspense Theatre. Well, idle and full. In , Didion struck up a relationship with a magazine highly receptive to her sensibility and interests, The Saturday Evening Post.
It would become the primary home for her work until its publisher filed for bankruptcy in She and Dunne adopted, at birth, a girl, Quintana Roo. So Didion had plenty to keep her occupied. In , Didion published Slouching Towards Bethlehem, a collection of essays mostly and most strikingly about California, and, with a single exception, composed entirely while living in her new hometown.
Slouching would become a touchstone for a decade and an era, its readers more than mere readers but followers, devotees, fans. The critics were just as beguiled. There are, I should note, two places in the book where the tone changes, becomes tender. The Yeats reference, in retrospect, seems a little alarmist. Her motto might be: See everything, hear everything, do nothing. Still, her nothing is something, her extreme passivity a form of extreme aggression. She takes events, people, places that inspire violent and chaotic feelings—passion, hope, terror, despair—and subdues them, controls them, counteracting their awesome power simply by looking at them in a certain way.
A burned-out cool. A cool that gives off heat. Not L. Warhol, too, incidentally, would have to leave New York, go to L. It was the Ferus Gallery, on La Cienega, that gave him his big break, his first fine-arts show back in , him and his soup cans. It was in a state of flux, or maybe crisis. Music, not movies, had captured the hearts and minds of the younger generation. Old Hollywood, though, now knew it was Old.
People were starting to smoke pot…. Hairdressers started to be invited to parties. Who is Earl McGrath? A mystery man I was never able to solve, is the short answer. Didion dedicated The White Album, her essay collection mainly about L.
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What he did really was get to know the ultra-hip and get them to know each other. He had a salon like Stein. Drugs were a big part of the scene. He built a deck for John Dunne and John was outraged it took so long. John really expected him to build it! And Earl was in love with Harrison.
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He let Harrison basically get away with murder as far as his carpentry was concerned. I remember her once lying down on the floor and telling that amazing story about Tamar Hodel. She asked Phillips, then 17, to help. Phillips, believing it her duty as a friend, agreed. Hodel swallowed a bottle of Seconal.
Phillips fell asleep beside her in bed. Fortunately, other friends came home in time to call an ambulance. Maria, a B actress fast sliding down the alphabet, has an estranged director-husband and a brain-damaged child, and is telling her story from a sanatorium. Things she does: has sex, listlessly, takes drugs, also listlessly, bleeds a lot—from a botched abortion—cries even more—from the abortion, but for other reasons, too. In the climactic scene, she cradles her friend, the homosexual producer, BZ, in bed as he overdoses on Seconal sound familiar? Between her fingers, a cigarette, rakishly angled, smolders.
All decidedly Maria-ish. And in Play It, Didion was that kind of star, too. And with Play It, Didion was able to return a favor. The L. Didion intended, I think, to write a hate letter to L. For Auden, L.
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